USEER ReportIn partnership with the Energy Futures Initiative and BW Research Partnership, NASEO is a lead sponsor of the U.S. Energy and Employment Report.

The U.S. Energy and Employment Report supplements federal Bureau of Labor Statistics employment data to provide a more complete picture of energy employment trends and projects across all energy production and distribution sectors, as well as key end-use and production technologies (petroleum, natural gas, electricity, coal, and energy efficiency, among others).

Key findings from the 2018 U.S. Energy and Employment Report include:

  • The U.S. energy market accounts for millions of jobs. In 2017, 6.56 million Americans worked in the energy sector overall, including electric power generation and fuels; transmission distribution, and storage; energy efficiency; and motor vehicles. This represented an increase of 133,000 jobs (or 2 percent) over the year before. Jobs in energy accounted for nearly 7 percent of all new jobs nationwide.
  • Energy efficiency is the largest energy employment segment, and is experiencing rapid growth. Approximately 2.25 million people spent some or all of their time working on delivering energy efficiency technologies and services last year. Of the 7.1 million construction workers in the United States, about 18 percent support the construction or installation of energy-efficient technologies. Construction employers project 11 percent in energy efficiency-related jobs by the end of 2018.
  • Natural gas electric generation jobs continue to grow. In 2017, the natural gas industry added over 19,000 new jobs, as natural gas continued its climb as the number one fuel for electricity generation in the country.
  • Hiring difficulty and an ever-present reality in the energy industry. Over 70 percent of employers reported difficulty recruiting qualified workers, most often attributed to lack of experience, training, or technical skills.
  • The energy industry faces workplace diversity challenges. Women and people of color are underrepresented across energy industry segments relative to the U.S. economy as a whole, highlighting the need for placement, training, and Human Resources programs that place an emphasis on diversity and access.

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